vt. to remove unwanted or unnecessary parts from something by cutting it切除，剪掉
◆The surgeon cut away the tumour with expert skill.
◆He cut away the material which he didn’t need.
◆He cut away the old branches from the tree.
to go across something in order to make your route shorter 抄进路,走捷径
◆ We may as well cut across the playground.
◆ Cut across this square and then turn left
⑴vt. to cause sth to fall down by cutting it at the base(自根基部分)砍倒
◆If you cut down all the trees you will ruin the land.
⑵vt./vi. to reduce the amount or quantity of sth, use or buy less减少, 削减(尺寸，数量，数目) →cut down (on something)
◆I have decided to cut down my smoking.
◆We need to cut the article down to 1,000 words.
◆The doctor told him to cut down on his drinking. 医生劝他少喝酒
◆Cut down on fatty foods if you want to lose weight. ⑶vt. to reduce the length of sth, shorten sth 改短
◆The article is too long. Could you cut it down to 2000 words.
◆If you cut down these trousers, they’ll fit your daughter. (4)vt. to kill or injure someone, especially in a battle 夺去生命
◆ Hundreds of men were cut down by crossbow fire.
◆ AIDS cut him down at an early age.
⑴vi. to interrupt sb\ sth 插嘴
◆She always cut in when other people are talking.
◆She kept cutting in on our conversation. 我们谈话时她老是插嘴
⑵ vi. to drive into a space between cars in a dangerous way 插到(其他车)的前面, 超车抢道
◆You nearly caused a crash(交通事故) by cutting in (on me ) like that.
⑴vt. to remove sth (from sth larger) by cutting切断，割断，剪断
◆She cut off a small piece of bread and gave it to me.
◆The workman had a finger cut off by the machine he was operating.
◆The winner cut ten seconds off the world record. 获胜者比世界记录快了十秒
◆Cut the fat off the meat.
⑵vt. to stop the supply of sth to sb 中断供应 ( often passive )
◆They have cut off the water\electricity\gas supply.
◆They were cut off for not paying their phone bill.
⑶vt. to prevent sb\sth from leaving or reaching a place or communicating with people outside a place 使……与外界隔绝
→ cut sb/sth off ( from sb/sth )
◆He was cut off from all his friends when he studied abroad.
◆The village was cut off by the snow for more than a month.
◆She feels very cut off living in the country.她住在乡村感到很闭塞
(4)vt. to interrupt sb and stop them from speaking 打断(某人并阻止其讲话)
◆My explanation was cut off by loud protests. 我的解释被强烈的抗议声打断了
⑴vt. to remove something by cutting round it 切去,切除
◆The cancerous cells had to be cut out.
◆The surgeon cut out all the diseased tissue. ⑵vt. to remove sth by cutting剪下
◆Pictures from these magazines can be cut out, and used as teaching aids
. ◆I cut this article out of the newspaper.
(3)vt. to stop doing or eating something, esp because it is harmful to you 停止做; 戒掉; 不吃
◆Let’s cut out the talking and get back to work.
◆I’ll cut down my smoking, maybe cut it out entirely.
◆I have been advised to cut sugar out of my diet. 有人劝我饮食要忌糖 ⑷vt. to leave sth out of a piece of writing, etc. 删除，删去
◆I would cut out the bit about working as a waitress. 我想删掉有关做女服务员的那段工作经历
◆Let’s cut out the unimportant details.
⑸vi. if an engine or machine cuts out, it suddenly stops working (机器)失灵，(自动)关掉
◆The engine cut out halfway across the lake.
◆When the temperature of the room reaches 70 degrees the convector heater(空气对流加热器) cuts out.
⑴vt. to make a path or passage through something by cutting or to move or pass easily through water or air 开辟(出路或通道)
◆They use a machete(大砍刀) to cut through the bush.. 他们用大砍刀在灌木林中劈出了一条路
◆The boat cut effortlessly through the water. 船轻快地破水前行。
◆Michael Phelps has cut through the water for those record-breaking eight gold medals. 迈克尔菲利普斯穿越浪花破记录的拿到了8块金牌。
⑵vt. (=cut across) to go across something in order to make your route shorter 抄进路,走捷径
◆I usually cut through the park on my way home. 我在回家途中通常抄近路穿过公园。
◆I cut through this road to go to school. 我抄近路到学校。
(3)vt.( literary) if a sound cuts through silence or noise, it is heard because it is loud 穿过，穿透
◆A piercing shriek cut through the silence. 刺耳的尖叫声打破了寂静。
◆The bitter wind cut through his jacket.
⑴vt. to divide sth into small pieces with a knife切碎,剁碎
◆He cut up the meat on his plate.
◆He cut the paper up into little pieces
⑵vt. to cause sb to be emotionally upset使难过
◆This news has cut him up.
◆She was pretty cut up about them leaving. 他们这一走使她伤心极了