back的英文怎么读_back的用法大全

时间:2022-1-1 作者:英语外教网

back怎么读

英[bæk]美[bæk]

back是什么意思

n.(名词)

后部,后面

末尾

背脊,脊

靠背

后卫,后卫球员

椅背

反面,里面

体力

【造船】(船的)龙骨

衬垫

底座

adv.(副词)

向后

以前,从前

回原处,在原处

归,还

退,倒,后退地

追溯,往回

止住

延缓

回,返

回复原状

在后面

向背面

回头

adj.(形容词)

偏僻的

过去的

到期未付的,拖欠的

向后的,向后动的

过期的

【语】舌根音的

后部的,背部的,后面的

边远的,边陲的

回程的

逆的

落后的

v.(动词)

后退,倒退,退后

支持

打赌,下睹注于

使倒退,使后退

援助,赞助,帮助,资助

裱褙,裱(画)

背书

避免(做讨厌的事)

放弃

逆行

反(时针)转

来来去去,翻来覆去

给…装背衬,给…加衬里,作…的衬里

装上(椅)背

作的背景

给…做后援

怂恿

【海】(风)逆时针转向

伴奏,伴奏

在…背后加固

位于(某物)的后面,站在后面

衬托

背朝

由于对手的差错而进入(有利地位)

back的例句

用作名词(n.)

Three people can sit in the back of this car.这车的后座可坐3个人。

It encouraged him to talk because his back had stiffened in the night and it hurt truly now.他靠说话来鼓劲,因为他的背脊在夜里变得僵直,眼下真痛得厉害。

You’ll make your back ache if you carry those heavy buckets.如果你背那些沉重的桶,你的背会痛的。

John plays back in the team.约翰在这个队打后卫。

用作及物动词(vt.)

I’ll back you up no matter what’s happening.不论发生什么事,我都会支持你。

I found no evidence to back your interpretation.我找不到证据来支持你的解释。

You’ll have to back the car up into the garage.你得倒车,开进车库。

He refused to back away from his position.他拒绝放弃自己的立场。

用作副词(adv.)

Slacken your legs and slowly lie back.放松双腿, 慢慢向后躺下。

Stand back! You’re stepping on my toes.向后站!你踩在我的脚趾头上了。

用作形容词(adj.)

The kangaroo uses its back legs to jump.袋鼠是用牠的后脚在跳。

I bought some back issues of science magazines yesterday.昨天我买了几本过期的科学杂志。

常见句型

用作名词(n.)

There used to be a big and beautiful garden at the back of their house.
以前在他们房子的后方是一个大花园。

There is a lot of useful information at the back of this dictionary.
这本词典的后面附有很多有用的信息。

The last time I bought from a market trader I was given rotten fruit from the back of the pile.
上次我在集市上买东西,小贩卖给我的是从水果堆后面拣出的烂水果。

I’ve got a sore place in my back.
我背上有个地方痛。

He likes sitting in the back of the class.
他一直喜欢坐在教室的后排。

Some fishes have gills on the back.
一些鱼背上有刺。

There is a bird on the back of a piece of cloth.
一块布的反面有一只鸟。

You write the address on the front of an envelope, not on the back of it.
你把地址写在信封正面,而不是反面。

I am afraid my report for the past year is not a very cheerful one, it is the story of one calamity on the back of another.
恐怕我关于去年的报告不令人愉快,那是一个接一个的灾难故事。

The little boy was dozing with his back against the chair.
那个小男孩正靠在椅子上打盹。

Did you paint the back of the bookcase?
你漆过书橱的背面吗?

My home lies back of the school.
我家就在学校后面。

One of the backs was hurt in the match.
其中一名后卫受了伤。

用作动词(v.)用作不及物动词S+~(+A)

The horse backed suddenly.
马突然向后倒退。

Don’t back off.
别打退堂鼓。

用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

I hope you will back my thought.
我希望你能支持我的想法。

Can you back your story with facts?
你能举出事实来证明你的话吗?

You could back the dress with silk.
你可以给这件衣服加丝绸衬里。

1

All our books have now been backed.
现在我们的书全部都包上了书皮。

用作形容词(adj.)用作定语~+ n.

On the back wall there is a map of China.
后墙上有一幅中国地图。

He came through the back door.
他从后门进来。

Does the back door have a lock on it?
后门上锁没有?

He sat in a back seat in the car.
他坐在车的后座上。

There is something wrong with the back wheels of the truck.
卡车的后轮出了故障。

He clawed his way up from the back streets of Glasgow.
他是从格拉斯哥的穷街陋巷里爬上来的。

The war is all back history now, and our two countries are good friends.
这场战争已成为过去的历史,我们两国现在是友邦了。

He owed three months’ back rent.
他欠了3个月的租金。

用作副词(adv.)用作状语

The crowd fell back to let the fire engine through.
人群向后退去,以便给消防车让路。

Our army forced the enemy to fall back.
我军迫使敌军撤退。

I bent back too far and hurt my neck.
我向后仰得过度了,扭伤了脖子。

I hope you’ll never change back from the person you have recently become.
你最近跟过去判若两人,我希望你不要故态复萌。

Students have no way of getting back at a teacher who marks their work unfairly.
学生无法报复评分不公道的老师。

The sight of the garden bears back the days when we lived in Paris.
见到那个花园使我们回想起当年住在巴黎时的日子。

It was he who bore back the latest news.
是他带回了最新的消息。

用作表语

He will be back before the month is out.
他将在月底前回来。

He is sure to be back soon.
他不久一定会回来。

I shall be back this evening.I’m not sure what train.
我今晚回去,但说不准哪趟火车。

After a year in the hospital, he’s back in circulation.
住了一年医院之后,他又活跃起来了。

用作宾语补足语

That smell of freshly baked bread carries me back!
新烤面包的气味使我忆起往事!

May I borrow your pen?I’ll bring it back tomorrow.
我可以借用一下你的钢笔吗?我明天还。

Don’t bend the book back, you’ll damage it.
别向后卷书,会弄坏的。

Would you carry the chairs back into the house for me?
你能替我把这些椅子送回那个屋子里吗?

用作名词(n.)at the back of支持 support
at the back of mind在内心中 in one’s thoughts, but without being of immediate or central concern
back be to the wall处于绝境 in difficulties with no retreat
back to back背靠背 back against back
back to front前后颠倒 with the back placed where the front should be
back to the drawing-board一切从头再来 restarting from the beginning
be on one’s back取笑〔烦扰〕某人 annoy, hinder or persecute sb
behind one’s back背着某人 without sb’s knowledge or consent
break the back of解决了最艰难的部分 finish the more or most difficult part of sth
get on sb’s back找某人的麻烦 persecute sb
like the back of a bus难看的,丑陋的 ugly
like the back of one’s hand熟悉 intimately
pat on the back对…表示赞扬 praise
pat sb/oneself on the back

It can be very embarrassing to have to listen to someone patting you on the back in public.

不得已而需要在大庭广众之下听人赞扬自己会使你很窘。

Her performance wasn’t so wonderful—I don’t know what cause she has to pat herself on the back.

她的表演并不怎么精彩——我不知道她有什么理由自鸣得意。

The first minutes of his speech consisted mainly of patting himself on the back.

他发言的前几分钟主要是自吹自擂。

put one’s back into竭尽全力 make a strenuous effort
stay on sb’s back纠缠 be in a tangle
turn one’s back on背弃 abandon; deliberately ignore
you scratch my back and I will scratch yours为了与己方便而给某人以方便; 投之以桃,报之以李 you do me a favour and I will do you one in return
用作动词(v.)back away( v.+adv. )不愿考虑 be unwilling to consider an idea
back away

The crowd backed away to let the wounded man pass through.

人群向后退,让受伤的人通过。

back away from sth

The child backed away from the fierce dog.

那孩子害怕那只恶狗,直往后退。

back away from sth

I could see she was backing away from the idea.

我看得出来她不愿考虑这一意见。

back down ( v. + adv. )退让,退回去,撤销(要求等) accept defeat in an argument, opinion, or claim; admit that one was wrong
back down

I saw that she was right, so I had to back down.

我看到她是正确的,所以我只好放弃原来的主张。

back into( v. + prep. )(使)倒进… (cause to) move back into sth
back into sth

Be careful when you back into the garage, the doorway is very narrow.

你把车倒入车库时要小心,门道很窄。

back sth into sth

Next you must learn how to back a car into a parking space.

下一步你应该学会如何把车倒入停车的空地。

back onto( v. + prep. )后面是,背靠着 be near to or have at the back
back onto sth

Our house backs onto a piece of woodland.

我们的房屋后面是一块林地。

We chose this house because the garden backs onto the tennis courts.

我们选择这一住宅是因为它的花园背靠着网球场。

back out( v. + adv. )不遵守(诺言、合同等),改变主意 fail to fulfil a promise, contract, etc.; change an idea
back out

I hope I can depend on you not to back out at the last moment.

我希望能信赖你不至于在最后关头撒手不干。

Please don’t try to back out now that everything’s been arranged.

既然一切都已安排妥当,请不要试图改变主意。

You said you would go; you can’t back out now.

你答应要去,你不能食言啊!

back out of sth

He would like to back out of the contract, but we can’t allow it.

他想取消这个合同,但是我们不能答应。

back up( v. + adv. )复制 make a copy of
back sb/sth ⇔ up

The policeman wouldn’t have believed me if you hadn’t backed me up.

如果当时没有你的支持,警察是不会相信我的。

He backed up his arguments with facts.

他以事实支持自己的论点。

back sth ⇔ up

The flood water from the storm backed up the pipes.

暴雨引起的洪水堵塞了管道。

back up

You’ll have to back up and turn around.

你将不得不往后退并转身。

back sth ⇔ up

Make sure you back up the disk before you turn the computer off.

在你关机之前要确定磁盘已存档。

用作形容词(adj.)take a back seat居于次要的地位; 知趣靠边 adopt an inconspicuous position or role
through the back door走后门,通过不正当的秘密途径 in an unofficial way; indirectly
用作副词(adv.)answer back参见answer条。
back and forth来回地 from one place to another and back again repeatedly
get one’s own back报复have one’s revenge
go back on one’s word参见go条。
hold back参见hold条。
keep back参见keep条。
pay back参见pay条。
there and back往返,来回 to a place and back again
动词+~

break one’s back拼命干,尽最大努力

break the back of sth完成某事最艰难的部分

get sb’s back up触怒某人

get off sb’s back不再找某人的麻烦

give sb one’s back不理睬某人

have one’s back to the wall陷入绝境

lean one’s back against the wall以背靠墙

put one’s back into sth孜孜不倦地做某事

see the back of赶走,撵走

sit in the back坐在后面

turn one’s back on对…掉头不顾,轻视

介词+~

at sb’s back幕后支持

at the back在后部

at the back of one’s mind在脑中酝酿

behind sb’s back瞒着某人

from the back从后面

in the back (of)在(…的)后部

in the back of the book书后的附录中

in the back of one’s mind下意识地,潜意识地

lie on one’s back仰卧

on one’s back仰天而卧,用背驮

on the back of a magazine杂志的封底上

~+介词

back to back背靠背

stand back to back背对背站着

用作动词 (v.)~+副词

back agilely机敏地支持

back consistently一贯支持

back contemptuously傲慢地支持

back deliberately故意支持

back discreetly谨慎地支持

back strongly坚决支持

back down退出

back off后退,放弃

back out不遵守

back up支持,堵塞,后退

~+介词

back against面对,反对

back by sb’s influence在某人权势的支持下

back away from从…避开

back into the garage倒进车库

back onto背朝着

back through the gate倒出大门

back dress with silk用绸布做衣服衬里

用作形容词 (adj.)~+名词

back door后门

back seats后座

back vowels后元音

back yard后院

用作副词 (adv.)动词+~

answer back反驳,回嘴,顶嘴;还击

bite back很快忍住说出(秘密或冒犯他人的话)

blink back one’s tears用眨眼来抑制泪水

bounce back(失意后)恢复,回升

bring back带回;归还;使回忆起;恢复

bring back to health使恢复健康

bring back to life使恢复生命

call back回电话;叫回

carry…back (to)使回想起

choke back忍住,抑制

claim back (from)要求收回,索回

come back回来;又流行起来;恢复记忆;想起来;(指制度、法律)恢复

cut back修剪;缩减

date back to追溯到

double back(为躲避追捕)原路返回;折叠起来,对折

draw back (from)引开,拉开,缩回;撤回,取消;(比赛中)超越

drive back迫使…后退;驾车返回

drop back落后;后撤

fall back后退,退却

fall back on〔upon〕求助于,依赖

feed back (to)反馈回…

fold back折叠,折起

get back回来,回到;失而复得;取回,恢复原位;对…报复

get back into circulation重新恢复正常生活

get back into harness病愈后重新工作

get back to返回

give back归还;恢复(视力、自由等);反射出,照出

go back on (one’s word)背弃;食言

go back to返回,归还,退回;重做某事,重操旧业;(冬令制)把钟表调回;追溯,时光返回到

hand back (to)交还;物归原主

hang back犹豫;退缩

have back收回(被借走、偷走等之)某物;允许(分手的配偶等)返回

hold back阻止前进;控制;抑制;(由于谨慎、害怕而)犹豫,踌躇;保留,扣住(不发表),保密

keep back (from)保持一定距离,克制住,挡住;隐瞒住,不让知道;扣留;留住;不付

lie back往后靠坐;放松

look back (on)回顾

pay back归还;还清;报复

play back放,放送(唱片、磁带等)

pull back撤退,撤回

push back逼迫;使撤退;把…推回原处

put…back把…放回原处;倒拨时钟;使(日期)推迟;放慢;延迟;阻止

put the clock back倒行逆施;开倒车

read…back读出(信息内容等)以供核对

refer…back (to)(将文件等)退回、交回给…予以某种处理;重新提及

report back (to)归来报到;作调查汇报

ring back再打电话;回电话

roll back(使)卷起来;把(录音带等)卷回;(浪潮)退落;撤退,击退;(过去的时光)返回

run back倒卷,倒回(影片、录音带等)

run back over回顾;再次审议

send back(因不满意)送回,退还(商品或饭菜)

set back耽误,阻碍进展;使…破费;使(建筑物)坐落在离开…一定的距离

settle back安坐在椅子里

shrink back (from)(由于害怕)畏缩;退缩

sit back在一旁闲着,袖手旁观

spring back弹回

stand back位于离…有一段距离的地方;保持距离以便更好地理解或判断;拒绝介入;退出

step back后退

take back使回来;归来;同意接受退货;重新任命被解职者;收回,撤回

take sb back (to)使某人回想起

talk back回嘴,顶嘴

think back on回想,回忆

think back to回想,回忆

throw back扔回;揭去,拉开;阻击,耽误,击退;(责备地)向…重提

throw back on迫使…依靠

trace back (to)追溯;回溯

turn back(使)折回,往回走

whip back迅速返回或弹回

win back赢回,夺回

wind back(磁带)倒带;(胶卷)倒卷

back的用法

n.(名词)

back用作名词的基本意思是表示人的“背;背部”和表示某物的“后面;后部”。引申可作“椅背”“后襟”等解。用于球类运动则指“后卫”。

back作“后面”“背面”“反面”解时用单数形式,其前须加定冠词the。在表示较近的“后面,背面”时用on the back of;在表示较远的“后面”时用at the back of(范围之外)或in the back of(范围之内),在美式英语中at〔in〕可省略。

v.(动词)

back的基本意思是“(使)后退”,指某人或某物回到原来的位置或状态。有时引申可表示“支持”,即“作后盾”。

back可用作及物动词或不及物动词,用作及物动词时接名词或代词作简单宾语。

adj.(形容词)

back表示位置或方向时意思是“后面的,往后的”。也可表示时间作“过去的,过期的”“迟交的,欠交的”解,在句中只用作定语。

back在语音学中也可作“后元音的”解。

back在句中只用作定语,不用于比较等级。

adv.(副词)

back用作副词的基本意思是“往后,在后面”,也可引申表示“忍住”“恢复”或“上溯”。

back常修饰动态动词(如不及物动词go, come, get,及物动词bring, get, take等),在句中作状语,也可用作表语。

back和be连用可引申表示“恢复”; back和beat, hit, fight等动词连用可表示“打退”。

back作“来回;向后”解时一般不与turn连用。

注意如果动词本身已经表达了“相反动作”的意思,就不能再用back。

back用作副词时不用于比较等级。

again同back的意思相近,但用法不同:back与动词连用时,作为副词,常指退回到前一个状态,或是从与之前相反的状态返回去,而again不可这样用。again与动词连用时,表示“重复,再一次”。注意sell back和sell again的不同,前者是卖回给同一个人,后者是再次卖,卖给不同的人。当动词本身指“退回,返回”的意思时,不可再用back,而可以用again加强“退回,返回”的意思。在副词+动词+介词结构中,back和again都表示“回到上一状态”。

Give me my watch back.(NOT Give me my watch again.)

Can you play it again?

The bike you sold me is too small.
If we buy this house and then have to move somewhere else, how easy will it be to sell it again?

Stefan can never return to his country (again).

I stood up, and then I sat (back) down (again).

back可以用在动词和主语之间,而again则不可以。

Take back your money.
Count the money again, please.(NOT Count again the money.)

back and forth,backwards and forwards以及to and fro意思相似,美国人常用第一种表达方式,而英国人习惯用后两种表达方式;

back of同in back of有“在……后面”的意思,美国人常用,前者比后者使用普遍;

back有时指“拖欠着的”,常见的搭配有back pay/salary(欠薪),back rent(欠租),back taxes(欠税)等;

注意as far back as the fifteenth century中第2个as后没有in。

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