hope的用法总结_短语及意思是什么

时间:2020-5-28 作者:admin

hope的用法总结_短语及意思是什么

  怀有希望的你知道要把握住hope,那你把握住它的用法了吗?以下是小编为大家带来hope的用法,希望能帮助大家更好地认识hope这个词单词,提高英语水平。

  Hope的用法

  1. 从说话语气上看,hope 用于表示可能实现的事情,后接从句时,用陈述语气。如:

  I hope I shall see him again. 我希望再见他一次。

  I hope you haven't hurt yourself. 但愿你没有受伤。

  2. 从时间上看,hope 所希望的一般指将来或现在的事情,不用于指过去的事情。如:

  I hope he will come. 我希望他会来。

  3. 从含义上看,hope 多用于指对好事的盼望、预想;对坏事的预想则多用“I'm afraid…”。如:

  I hope it will be fine tomorrow. 我希望明天天气好。

  I'm afraid it will rain again. 恐怕还要下雨。

  4. 从句型上看,hope 可用hope to do sth句型,而不能用hope sb to do sth句型。如:

  I hope to watch the football match again. 我希望再看一次那场足球赛。

  而不说:I hope you to go. 最后,当你要表示“希望如此。”时,就说“I hope so.”其否定形式用“I hope not.”。hope 一般不用于进行时。

  5. hope后面还可以接that 从句,意为“希望……;能……就好了”。如:

  She hopes that I will pass the exam. 她希望我能通过考试。

  与hope有关的几个词组:

  hope for the best 希望获得最好的结果

  in the hope of sth 怀着……的希望

  live in hope(s) of 满怀希望

  hope和wish的用法比较

  两词都表示"希望",但在用法上有相同和不同之处,不能随意互换。

  一、相同之处

  1.都可接不定式作宾语。

  We wish to see the film.

  The children hope to do something for the old man.

  2.都能以某些代词作宾语。

  That's what you have wished.

  You can't hope much from such people.

  3.都能与介词for连用,后接名词或某些不定代词,表示"希望得到""祈求"。

  Do you hope for peace?

  Do you wish for anything better?

  4.都可与过去过完成时连用,表示本来想做而没做成。

  I had hoped to come here, but I couldn't.

  He had wished to finish it on time, but he didn't.

  5.都用于It is / was to be…that的句型中。

  It is to be hoped that she will get full marks in English.

  It is to be wished that the problem will soon be solved.

  二、不同之处

  1. wish作为及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语,hope则不能。

  Do you wish a pen or a book?

  2. wish能接双宾语表示祝愿,hope则不能。

  I wish you success. 。

  3. wish能接复合宾语,hope则不能。

  I wish you to go with me.

  4. wish和hope都能接that引导的从句,但wish后的从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气(动词用过去时,或过去完成时),hope则用所需要的时态。

  I hope that he will win the game.

  I wish that I knew the answer.

  I wish I had bought it yesterday.

  5. hope可与so或not连用,分别代替一个具有肯定和否定意义的宾语从句,以免重复,wish则不能。

  -Will it be fine tomorrow?

  -I hope so.

  -Will it rain tomorrow?

  -I hope not.

  三、wish, hope都可作名词,可数或不可数均可,wish表示"愿望""心愿""祝愿",hope表示"希望"。

  1. My wish is to become a doctor.

  2. It is said that they have realized their wishes.

  3. Where there is life there is hope.

  4. I have no (not much) wish to see him.

  5. Send him my best wishes.

  6. There is a hope of success.

  7. He has some hope (s) of success.

  hope的英语例句

  1. The arteries are diseased and a transplant is the only hope.

  动脉已经发生病变,移植是唯一的希望。

  2. I hope I haven't said anything to upset you.

  但愿我没有说过让你不高兴的话。

  3. I do hope you'll forgive me but I've got to leave.

  我真的非常抱歉,我得走了。

  4. I'm the best man for the job, I hope.

  希望我是那份工作的最佳人选。

  5. I hope that our appeals will not fall on deaf ears.

  我希望我们的呼吁不会没人理睬。

  6. I hope he doesn't expect you to wait up for him.

  我希望他没指望你熬夜等他。

  7. I hope to God they are paying you well.

  我真希望他们给你一份好的酬劳。

  8. The organisers hope to raise as much as £6m for charity.

  组织者希望能募集到高达600万英镑的善款。

  9. I do hope you'll be able to come to the wedding.

  我确实希望你能来参加婚礼。

  10. We hope that it will give us some breathing space.

  我们希望这能给我们以喘息的机会。

  11. He still holds out hope that they could be a family again.

  他对他们再次成为一家人仍抱持希望。

  12. I hope you won'tbe too harsh with the girl.

  希望你不要对那个女孩太严厉。

  13. A draw seems the best they can hope for.

  看来他们顶多只能指望打个平局了。

  14. I hope they continue to fight for equal justice after I'm gone.

  我希望我走了以后他们能继续为司法公正而战。

  15. I hope that everyone will be able to join in the fun.

  我希望每个人都能够加入进来,玩得开心。


看过hope用法的人还看了:

1.关于keep的用法

2.SO的用法​

3.hope的用法和短语例句

4.介词的用法总结归纳

5.英语介词for的用法归纳总结

声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,未作人工编辑处理,也不承担相关法律责任。如果您发现有涉嫌版权的内容,欢迎发送邮件至:admin@nb1888.com 进行举报,并提供相关证据,工作人员会在5个工作日内联系你,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。