表示数量的英语短语

时间:2020-5-29 作者:admin

表示数量的英语短语

  英语中表示“许多”的词组很多,用法也不同。下面就由小编为大家带来英语短语集锦,大家生活中可以多用几遍,练一练语感。

  表示数量

  一、英语中表示“许多”的词组很多,按其用法可以分为以下三类

  1、修饰可名词:many、a number of、 a few、many a、several等。many a 的意思相当于many , 但many a 后边接可数名词单数,如:

  Many a student has such a question.许多同学有这样的疑问。

  A number of students have passed the exam.许多学生都通过了考试。

  Several days ago, I met him in the park.几天前我在公园里遇到了他。

  2、修饰不可数名词:much、a great deal of、a large amount of等。

  We can get a great deal of(a large amount of) information from internet.我们可以从互联网上获得大量信息。

  3、既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词:a lot of (lots of ); plenty of; a large quantity of 等。

  Plenty of the water is polluted.许多水都被污染了。

  Plenty of the rivers are polluted.许多河都被污染了。

  二、few、little;a few、a little的用法:

  1、few 和a few 都修饰可数名词。few意为“几乎没有”,表示否定;a few表示“有些、几个”,表示肯定;quite a few=many(修饰可数名词)表示“许多”。如:

  I have eaten a few apples today.=I have eaten many apples today.

  He has few friends.他几乎没有什么朋友。

  2、little和a little都修饰不可数名词。little意为“几乎没有几个”,表示否定;a little表示“有些”。如:

  I have little money.我几乎身无分文。

  I have a little work to do.我有一些工作要做

  quite a little=much(修饰不可数名词)表示“许多。

  三、a number of 与the number of的区别:

  a number of 相当于some,a few; a great/large number of相当于many,quite a few;the number of指的是“…的数量”。如:

  The number of the students in our school is 5,000. 我们学校学生的数量是5000人。

  A number of students have passed the exam.许多学生都通过了考试。

  还有:

  1.a good/great deal of+不可数 v单三

  a large/small sum of money v单三

  large/small sums of money v单三

  a large/small amount of 不可数 v单三

  large/small amounts of 不可数 v单三

  2.a number of 名词复数 v复数

  numbers of 名词复数 v复数

  the number of 名词复数 v单三

  a good/great many +名词复数 v单三

  a good/great many of +the/these/those/one's+名词复数 v单三

  3.a variety of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v单三

  a supply of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v单三

  a quantity of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v单三

  a mass of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v单三

  a measure of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v单三

  measures of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v复数

  masses of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v复数

  supplies of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v复数

  quantities of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v复数

  varieties of 名词复数 /不可数名词 v复数

  plenty of 名词复数 v复数

  plenty of 不可数名词 v单三

  表示程度的就很多了,一般形容词和副词都可以表示程度。

  如:He is a good student!他是一个好学生(形容词表示程度的)

  He listens to the teacher carefully!他认真的听老师上课!(副词表程度的)

  表示数目增加

  1) 增加了

  A:

  To increase by fifty people

  To rise by eight hundred yuan

  To increase / rise by thirty thousand kilograms

  B:

  To increase/ rise / be raised/ go up / shoot up by one percent

  It’s an increase by fifty percent / one-half

  To increase/ rise by four-fifths

  2)增加到

  A:

  To increase/ rise to nine hundred person- times \

  To increase/ rise to one thousand sets

  To increase / rise to thirty hundred thousand meters

  B:

  To increase / rise to ten percent

  To increase/ rise to three-fifths

  3) 达到

  A:

  To come to five thousand tons

  To reach ten thousand yuan

  B:

  To come to eighty percent

  To jump to/ reach four-fifths

  C:

  As many as one million kilograms/ up to one million kilograms

  As high as ninety-three meters /up to ninety-three meters

  As long as/ up to seven thousand kilometers

  D:

  to amount to five thousand person-times

  to add up to one hundred million yuan

  to cover an area of totally nine million six hundred thousand square kilometers

  表示百分比

  1) Its output of cotton went up by 20 percent.

  2) The price was reduced by 18 percent.

  3) Its total output value increased by 11.5 percent over the previous year.

  4) The total volume of state purchase in the first quarter rose by 5.2 percent, compared with the

  same period of last year.

  5) Its grain output was 16.5 percent higher than in/ than that of 1976.

  6) The output value of chemical fertilizer in the first quarter was 18 percent above that of the

  same period in 1975.

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